When the incision to place a breast implant is made in the armpit, the dissection to the space below the pectoralis muscle is performed through a very small opening without direct observation.
Unfortunately, this can lead to inadvertent damage to muscle, nerves, and blood vessels as well as formation of asymmetric dissection pockets intended to receive the breast implants.
First introduced in East Asia, use of an endoscope in breast augmentation allows for a more accurate dissection from the armpit to the plane below the muscle. Tissue damage is decreased as are excessive bleeding, later capsular contracture, numbness, and imbalanced placement of the implants.
Since the increased pain and bruising often associated with submuscular implant placement are lessened, recovery may be quicker.
More on Breast Surgery >
Breast Augmentation Overview
Enlargement of the Asian breast and related procedures
Breast incision Options
Incision locations designed to minimize scarring and visibility
Breast Implant Size Options
Most petite Asian women prefer breast implants sized proportional to their frame
Breast Implant Placement Options
The effect of the tight Asian chest envelope on level of implant placement
Self-Decision Breast Augmentation
Method for allowing real time patient feedback during breast surgery
Augmentation By Fat Transfer
A less invasive and more natural method of augmentation using the patient's own fat
Raising and reshaping a sagging breast to a more youthful contour
Removal of skin, fat, and glandular tissue to address cosmetic and functional problems
Cosmetic reduction surgery for excessive forward projection of the nipple
Procedures to increase the size and shape or alter the color of the nipple
Male Breast Reduction
Gynecomastia in the Asian male patient and methods for fat and glandular reduction
Breast Augmentation Cost Comparison
Does cosmetic breast augmentation in Beverly Hills cost more than in Seoul, South Korea?